10 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2022

10 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2022

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Introduction Programming Languages

A programming language is a method of communication that people use to tell computers to do certain tasks. These languages make use of specific coding syntax to develop programs that do certain functions. Software development is a rewarding career path. According to the poll, programming positions are anticipated to grow by 21% by 2028. There are around 700 programming languages. Choosing which one to study might be difficult.

If you want to advance in your work or find a new career and have to master a programming language, you may be unsure which one to study. After all, learning a language takes time and money, so you want to make the best decision possible.

When making your pick, consider the difficulty level you’re willing to learn, the information you currently have that aligns with your existing coding abilities, and your reasons for studying a top programming language. You’ll learn about the top ten programming languages that will be in high demand among companies in 2022. You’ll learn about each language, its complexities, and how to utilize it.

So, without any further ado, let’s dive into the best programming languages to learn in 2022.

  1. Python

Python has the ability to be the programming language of the near future. According to the most recent figures, Python is the primary programming language used by almost 80% of developers. Python’s extensive libraries facilitate artificial intelligence, data science, and machine learning processes. Python is increasingly widely used and may be regarded as the king of programming languages. As a result, knowing this programming language in 2022 guarantees you success and progress.

It is a free, open-source programming language with substantial support modules and community development, simple web service integration, user-friendly data structures, and GUI-based desktop applications. It is a well-known programming language used in machine learning and deep learning applications.

Python programming is also used in the development of 2D imaging and 3D animation software such as Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk. Python engineers make around $72,500 per year on average.

Top companies lookout for developers who know python programming. These include Netflix, Intel, Facebook, Spotify, etc…

Pros of Python Programming:

  • Flexibility
  • Easy to use and Fast to develop
  • Official tutorials and documentation are highly regarded

Cons of Python Programming:

  • It does not begin with programming fundamentals – it’s an abstract of many basic concepts

How to learn Python – Course Links:

  • Complete Python Bootcamp – A beginner-friendly course to get you started with the basics to advanced levels
  • Python 3 Tutorial by CodeAcademy – It has interactive lessons and practice programs to help you understand what you learn.

2. Java

Java is a strong programming language that is presently utilized in over 3 billion devices. It is utilized in a variety of applications, including desktop apps, mobile applications, web development, artificial intelligence, cloud applications, and many more. As a result, learning and mastering this technology promises extremely high pay, incredible career potential, and global recognition.

Because of its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) characteristics, this general-purpose programming language with an object-oriented structure, owned by Oracle Corporation, has become a standard for programs that can be utilized independent of the platform (e.g., Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, etc.). As a result, Java has gained recognition for portability across a wide range of platforms, from mainframe data centers to smartphones.

Java programming is frequently used in web development, application development, and big data. Java is also utilized on the backends of some well-known sites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube. There are hundreds of methods to learn Java programming. Furthermore, there is a significant online community of Java programmers that help each other solve problems.

Pros of Java Programming:

  • Considered a fantastic starting point for learning to think like a programmer and gaining programming skills
  • You will be able to access and modify the most important computer features, such as the file system, graphics, and sound, for any reasonably complex and modern software that can run on any operating system.

Cons of Java Programming:

  • There is a lot of new terminologies to master; this is a higher-level programming language.

How to Learn Java – Course Links:

3. JavaScript

JavaScript is a high-level programming language that is essential to the World Wide Web. JavaScript, which was originally used just to build web browsers, is now used for server-side webpage installations as well as non-web browser applications.

Javascript, formerly known as LiveScript, was created in 1995. However, because Java was so popular at the time, it was advertised as Java’s “younger brother.” Over time, JavaScript evolved into a whole independent language. Presently, JavaScript is sometimes confused with Java, and while the two languages share certain similarities, they are distinct.

According to the most recent figures, 72 % of businesses are seeking JavaScript engineers. As a result, learning JavaScript may be the best option you can make in 2022 to advance your profession. The major skills required to master JavaScript programming include HTML, CSS to design web pages.

Pros of Javascript Programming:

  • Easy to learn and code
  • Can be used instantly in a client-side browser
  • Decreases the load on the website server

Cons of Javascript Programming:

  • Can be read differently by different browsers, making cross-browser programming challenging to create.

How to Learn Javascript – Course Links:

  • Modern Javascript from the beginning – Udemy
  • Advanced Javascript Concepts

4. Kotlin

Kotlin is a cross-platform programming language for creating applications. It is utilized by more than 60% of all Android developers. On various reputable indexes, Kotlin ranks fourth among the speediest growing programming languages. The following are some of Kotlin’s most notable features:

  • Structured concurrency and concise code.
  • Improved security features.
  • When compared to Java, coding is around 20% less.
  • It is completely interoperable.
  • Pinterest, Uber, Trello, Amazon, and more companies use Kotlin.

Kotlin programming was designed to be superior to Java, and those that use it are persuaded. Kotlin is used to write the vast majority of Google’s applications. The major skill required to learn Kotlin is prior knowledge of programming languages, notably Java.

Pros of Kotlin Programming:

  • Less code-heavy than Java and other programming languages;
  • Adoption is rather simple.
  • Java is fully supported.

Cons of Kotlin Programming:

  • Kotlin has a variable compilation speed and no static keyword.

How to Learn Kotlin – Course Links:

  • Kotlin for beginners
  • Kotlin- Beginner to Advanced Certification course

5. R

R is a programming language used for statistical and graphical analysis. It is extremely important in data analysis, financial domains, and telecommunications sectors.

R has a medium learning curve and is not as easy to pick up as some of the other languages covered in this article. R, like other free open-source programming languages, has a vibrant online developer community, which is always a plus when learning new skills.

Few features of R programming include:

  • It contains extensive interactive graphics libraries.
  • Comes under object-oriented programming.
  • Cross-platform operation is supported.
  • Extremely adaptable.
  • Flipkart, Amazon, Google, and LinkedIn are among the top corporations that use R.

Because there is a severe scarcity of R experts, studying this language might be a lucrative career path. It’s easier if you already know Javascript or Python, but it’s suggested for folks who have a strong mathematical foundation.

Pros of R Programming:

  • Free and open source
  • Excellent data management assistance
  • A wide range of programs is offered.
  • Cross-platform support for Linux, Windows, and Mac OS. Ideal for machine learning applications.

Cons of R Programming:

  • Objects are saved in physical memory, which might put a burden on resources; it lacks fundamental security, and it is slower than Matlab or Python.

How to Learn R Programming – Course Links:

  • R programming – Coursera

6. PHP

PHP is a general-purpose programming language that will continue to grow in popularity in the future years. It was combined with HTML in order to provide functionality to websites. There is a high demand for PHP developers following the trend.

Programmers primarily use PHP to write server-side scripts. However, developers may use this language to produce command-line scripts, and programmers with advanced PHP coding abilities can use it to create desktop programs.

For novice developers, PHP is regarded as a reasonably simple language to master. PHP experts have a variety of specific online forums where they may seek help and solutions to issues.

Few Features of PHP include:

  • Simple to learn.
  • Scripting languages that are faster than others
  • Extremely secure in order to prevent threats and assaults.
  • PHP powers some of the world’s most popular websites, including Facebook, Yahoo, and Wikipedia.

Pros of PHP Programming:

  • It is simple to create and may be integrated with a wide range of tools.
  • Reasonably priced.
  • Database connection is adaptable.

Cons of PHP Programming:

  • Not very safe.
  • Not suitable for big applications.
  • A vast number of applications cannot be supported due to insufficient error handling.

How to Learn PHP – Course Links:

  • Php for beginners – Udemy
  • Php Fundamentals – PluralSight

7. Go

Go is a standout among programming languages for its dependability and efficiency. It was created in 2007 at Google to manage the company’s rapidly expanding infrastructure. It swiftly grew in popularity and is now one of the most used programming languages.

Go, often known as Golang, was designed to satisfy the demands of large-project programmers. Because of its straightforward and contemporary form, as well as its syntactic familiarity, it has acquired favor among many significant IT organizations. Few top companies that make use of the Go programming language include Google, Uber, Twitch, and Dropbox. Because of its agility and performance, Go is also gaining favor among data scientists.
It is very easy to learn if you already understand at least one other programming language.

Pros of Go programming:

  • It is often regarded as a “minimalist” language.
  • Simple to grasp.
  • Code that is visible.
  • Compatible and fast.

Cons of Go Programming:

  • There are no generics, thus you may wind up writing more code than you would in other languages.
  • There is relatively limited library support.
  • The Go development community is not particularly active or helpful.

How to Learn Go Programming – Course Links:

  • Go: The Complete Developer’s Guide – Udemy
  • Programming with Google Go specialization – Coursera

8. C/C++

C is the most old and commonly used programming language, serving as the foundation for others such as C#, Java, and JavaScript. C++ is a more sophisticated version of C. Today, many developers avoid studying C on its own, while others believe that knowing C first gives a solid basis for C++ programming. Both languages are widely utilized in the fields of computer science and programming.

C and C++ programmers may utilize compilers for a broad range of platforms, making programs written in these languages very portable. Despite the introduction of other programming languages, it remains in great demand. C gives you the chance to establish a successful career.

Pros of C/C++ Programming:

  • C — A programming language used to understand the principles at the most basic (hardware) level.
  • C++ – provides far more “control” than other languages.

Cons of C/C++ Programming:

  • C — Programming is tougher, not a beginner-friendly language, and has a higher learning curve.
  • C++ — A little more difficult to learn and use than C.

How to Learn C/C++ – Course Links:

  • Coding for everyone: C and C++ – Coursera

9. Swift

Swift is a free and open-source programming language that is easy to learn and supports almost everything that the Objective-C programming language does. Swift is a coding language that requires fewer programming skills than other languages and may be used with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix. Swift is used in numerous iOS applications, including WordPress, Mozilla Firefox, and even the game Flappy Bird.

Pros of Swift Programming:

  • It is relatively simple to learn.
  • Syntax that is clear.
  • Fewer lines of code.
  • More rapid than similar programming languages.
  • Free and open source.

Cons of Swift Programming:

  • Still a nascent language; lacks integration with third-party tools; and lacks support for previous iOS versions.

How to Learn Swift – Course Links:

  • Swift from scratch – Udemy
  • Swift programming for beginners – Udemy

10. C#

C# is a programming language introduced by Microsoft in 2000 that operates on the.NET framework. It is also of great help when it comes to creating desktop applications and games. According to the report, C# is used in 34% of the top mobile games. It is a well-designed language that is in great demand all across the world. Because it uses the IDE Microsoft Visual, it is ideally suited for apps for Windows, Android, and iOS.

Pros of C# Programming:

  • Fast and Easy to use.
  • Object-oriented programming.
  • Adaptable and upgradable.
  • Other codes are interoperable with it.
  • Free and open source.
  • Large library.

Cons of C# Programming:

  • Flexibility is poor.

How to Learn C# – Course Links:

  • C# Basics for Beginners: Learn C# Fundamentals by Coding – Udemy
  • C# Advanced Topics: Prepare for Technical Interviews – Udemy

Wrapping Up:

While there are dozens of programming languages, only a few are included in the article, and the first 7 mentioned above are at the top of the list. If you want to build a career as a programmer, make a crossover shift into another industry, or rise up the corporate ladder, learning one of these languages is a great place to start.

Hope this article helps you get started. Happy Coding!

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